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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-64

A comparative study on the accuracy of an odontometric and radiographic method for determination of sex in western uttar pradesh population

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, DAV Dental College and Hospital, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College, T. M. U, Moradabad, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rayat and Bahra Dental College and Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ruhi Sidhu
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, DAV Dental College and Hospital, Solan, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijfo.ijfo_12_19

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Context: This comparative study was conducted in the field of forensic odontology for sex determination. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and accuracy of an odontometric method and a radiographic method for sex determination. Settings and Design: The study was conducted in the department of oral medicine and radiology on 100 participants (52 males and 48 females) with an age range of 20–36 years. Subjects and Methods: Both methods were applied on each participant, and the data were collected. After obtaining the data (casts and radiographs), they were coded, analyzed, decoded, interpreted, and statistically analyzed. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were entered into MS Excel and then analyzed with SPSS version 19. Analysis was done in two parts. Part 1 dealt with descriptive statistics and Part 2 dealt with inferential statistics. Results: In the present study, when both the parameters were compared, mesiobuccal–distolingual diagonal diameter showed the maximum accuracy of 92% followed by distobuccal–mesiolingual diagonal diameter with an accuracy of 91%, while area and perimeter of the maxillary sinus had an accuracy of 80%, and 76%, respectively. Conclusions: Odontometric method is more reliable and accurate than radiographic method for determination of sex.

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