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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-18

Comparative reliability of cheiloscopy and palatoscopy in human identification and sex determination: Among Kerala population

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Annoor Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nirupa Thomas
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Annoor Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijfo.ijfo_6_20

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Background: The present study was carried out on 200 individuals (100 males and 100 females) among Kerala population (Central Kerala) aged between 18 and 50 years. Aims and Objectives: To identify palatal rugae pattern and lip print pattern and to compare the rugae and lip print pattern between males and females. Materials and Methods: In this study, we analyzed the lip print and palatal rugae pattern in males and females using a classification given by Suzuki and Lysell respectively. Results: Lip prints and rugae pattern are distinct for an individual, the most common type of pattern in male was Type IV. The most common type of pattern in female was Type I. No statistical significant difference was observed in the length and number of rugae between males and females. The present study showed that forwardly placed rugae was more in males than females. The present study successfully established the individuality of the rugae patterns, length, and number . Conclusion: Chelioscopy is useful in identifying the gender of the person by studying the pattern left at the crime scene and palatoscopy can be useful in personal identification.

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